Tips for Building a Simple Home Network

Many people have uncomplicated needs (or wants) for their home networks. Even though 80% of users have multiple computers within a single home, many of these users don’t even network the systems together. Their file transfers are usually done by means of “sneaker net”, or copying files to and from a USB/CD or by sending the file(s) through email.

If this sounds similar to you, then this would be a great time to build your own home network by home builders charlotte nc. The costs and installation of these systems are lower then many people thing. The biggest barrier for many first-time home network builders is getting past the technical terminology used. The equipment you need for your net work is simple, you will need Ethernet cables for a wired network: figure out where you plan to set up the computers, and then determine how much cable you will need to cover the required distance and add 1/5 more cable onto that (you will always need a little bit more then what you account for). If you wish to build a wireless network, you can skip the cables.

You will also want a network switch or router for your network (whether you build a wired OR wireless network). A network hub or switch is a box with multiple ports to plug your Ethernet cables into. Generally a switch has slightly more functionality then a hub does. A router has greater functionality then both a switch and hub, a router is able to handle internet connection sharing, and this is almost a must for home networks.

You are also going to need a NIC (also known as Network Interface Card) in each of the computers you are networking together, this also includes printers, or any other device you plan to network. The NICs can be your normal 10/100 ethernet cards or, 802.11b/g if you plan to use a wireless network. If you’re building a wired network, you can use equipment (switches, hubs, routers) with 10MB or 100MB speeds.

As I said earlier, network equipment is inexpensive, and there is really no reason to not buy 100MB equipment. 100MB equipment generally supports the older standard of equipment as well. There is also 1000MB (Gigabit Ethernet) equipment; however this is expensive for the means of home networks.
Install, and attach all hardware to your router as per the manufacturers’ directions. Every device you attach to your network will need at least ONE IP address for itself. IP addresses are the numbers which you may have seen before that look like: 67.220.199.46. However, in a home network, IP addresses will look like 192.168.0.1

Your first IP should begin with the router. The router is the centre (gateway) of your network; picture a star with rays of light emanating from it. Each Ethernet cable or wireless signal is one of these rays of light. The end of the rays is your device. So if the router has an IP of 192.168.0.1, then the devices and computers should be numbered 192.168.0.2, 192.168.0.3, etc. You cannot assign the same IP to more then one device.

You will most likely need to read the manual for your router on the specifics on assigning IP addresses.

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